GUINEA PIG TEETH TRIMMING COST | OVERGROWN GUINEA PIG TEETH SYMPTOMS

Dental diseases are one of the serious challenges guinea pigs face during their lifetime. It could be as serious as an overgrown tooth, or an entire tooth decay.

Whichever the reason is, you must make it a priority to visit a veterinarian as often as possible. The veterinarian will take a look at the incisive teeth and determine whether or not it needs trimming.

Guinea Pig Teeth Trimming Costs around $10 to $20 for incisive teeth alone. But if you want to trim the complete teeth, it will cost around $400 to $500.

We will talk more about the reasons for different costs in detail in this article in addition to why you should trim your guinea pig teeth. Read on.

Let’s examine the oral anatomy of the guinea pigs.

ORAL ANATOMY OF GUINEA PIGS

Interestingly, guinea pigs’ teeth grown are constantly growing. This unique oral anatomy is similar to rabbits’ which is also characterized by growing teeth.

However, the guinea pigs possess a permanent dental formula unlike the bunnies which experience teeth fall out four weeks after birth.

A guinea’s oral anatomy is made of 12 molars and 4 premolars which makes it a total of 20 teeth. At the front teeth, there are two extra long, curved incisors on the mandible and maxilla.

Their teeth are colored white and this is largely due to a layer known as enamel. This outer layer is lacking in most rodents, and they are usually thin at the edge close to the tongue.

Since they are barely distinguished from bare eyes, they are grouped under a general category called ‘cheek teeth’.

A guinea’s teeth grow throughout its lifetime by about 0.5-1cm every month. Their ever-growing teeth could also be called ‘elodent’. Unlike the maxillary teeth, the mandibles grow at a faster rate.

So what if the guinea’s teeth become overgrown or grow longer than expected?

OVERGROWN GUINEA TEETH

As a guinea owner, you can easily notice how long their incisors grow which is usually long. They can be as long as 1.5 centimeters. However, it’s natural for your guinea’s incisors to grow longer than expected. 

Most importantly; if your guinea acts normally, and eats healthily, but has an equal length of both mandible and maxilla then it can’t be classified as overgrown.

Now, their cheek teeth are situated at the back side of their mouth and it is usually filled with food. In other words, it will be difficult to examine them even if your eyes are trained.

A proper examination is one conducted by a professional and this is where a vet comes in. A veterinarian should be your best bet when it comes to the dental health of your guinea pig.

HOW TO KNOW OVERGROWN TEETH

Knowing whether or not your guinea has an overgrown tooth is a prerequisite to the well-being of guinea.

Sometimes, all the guinea’s teeth can outgrow all at once. Other times, front teeth are prone to overgrow more than others.

1.    Dental Disease

If your guinea develops dental disease, it could mean it has overgrown teeth. This is the commonest way to ascertain the dental situation of your guinea.

2.    Uneven Teeth

Asides from dental diseases, you can tell your guinea has overgrown teeth if they are uneven and don’t meet at the center. Once you notice this, let your veterinarian in on the situation.

CAUSES OF OVERGROWN TEETH

Here are the reasons your guinea’s teeth are overgrown:

1.    Improper Diet

An inadequate supply of crude fiber is responsible for some dental issues of guinea pigs. Crude fiber is easily found when your Guinea feeds on hay and grass.

Since the nutrient content of grass is higher, the guinea eats hay alongside leaves, branches, herbs, and vegetables.

A guinea pig’s diet may require vegetables, and Vit C supplements when there is an inadequate supply. Once your guinea does not get enough chaw, the teeth start overgrowing.

If care is not taken, the overgrown teeth can easily cut into the gum leading to dental abscesses.

2.    Disease

There are different symptoms of dental diseases which can vary for individual guinea pigs. While some may be presented with weight loss as their only symptom, others could be salivation, foreign food preference, inability to pass feces, and general weakness.

WHAT IS THE NORMAL LENGTH OF A GUINEA’S TEETH?

A guinea pig’s incisors are usually between 0.8 to 1.5cm. Although the incisive teeth may vary from other teeth, if they all meet at the center then it means they are properly positioned.

One rule guides the cheek teeth; once they are visible, then they are too long. If by chance their incisors break, the best option would be to trim the rest until they are all equal.

GUINEA PIG TRIMMING COST

If you intend to trim the incisive teeth, it would cost you around $10 to $20. But if it involves the entire teeth, it would cost $400 to $500 to trim them all.

Most times, the guinea pig trimming cost differs according to location, and the state of your guinea pig.

For instance, the cost of a single incisor trimming will be relatively lower than an entire trimming. This does not require general anesthesia for the guinea pig, therefore it is cheaper.

However, the case is different when fixing the molars and premolars. It is a more complicated examination that involves trimming, oral examination, and anesthesia.

SIGNS OF GUINEA PIG DENTAL PROBLEMS

The following symptom is a clear indication that your guinea has teeth issues;

  • Weight loss
  • Salivation
  • Loss of appetite
  • Drooling
  • Waters eyes
  • Teeth discoloration
SIGNS OF GUINEA PIG DENTAL PROBLEMS - Guinea Pig Teeth Trimming Cost

Most often, the most obvious symptom is salivation and subsequent weight loss. Due to overgrown teeth, your guinea finds it difficult to chew food as it becomes painful.

As a result, they drop food items before it gets into their mouth. In extreme cases, the mandible and maxilla get so swollen that the mouth is always open.

Once you notice any of these symptoms, let your veterinarian be the first to know.

Conclusion:

Guinea pig teeth trimming is the best solution if your pet is battling with overgrown teeth. It saves it from numerous health challenges, weight loss, and unhealthy life habits.

To avoid this, ensure your guinea feeds properly on hay, grass, and Vit C. This way, the oral anatomy is well-positioned at all times.

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