Can Male and Female Guinea Pigs be Housed Together?

Guinea pigs love to move in herds; therefore, it is unnatural if they live alone. With their fellow guineas, they feel more at home and can play around together.

However, if you are considering getting a second Guinea pig, it is advisable to look for a way to balance things between the two genders properly.

If you are wondering, can male and female Guinea pigs be housed together?

Here’s an answer!

Yes, male and female Guinea pigs can live together, but you must castrate the male first. It helps to reduce or minimize the number of Guinea pigs they produce.

But if you plan on breeding them, then you might consider not castrating the male at all.

How to Make Male and Female Guinea Pigs Bond?

You’ve probably just returned with a new piggy pal, and you are unsure how to make them bond. Or you’re finding it hard to connect with the bit of litter.

Here is a step-by-step guide on how best to introduce a male and a female Guinea pig and make them bond!

1. Let your Guinea pigs see each other!

1. Let your Guinea pigs see each other!

It Is the first and most important way to introduce the two. Your male Guinea pigs might have gotten used to being alone and might be surprised to see a female pal.

In the early times, you could start by placing them in separate but close cages where they get to see each other. It helps both to get familiar with each other and encourages them to start on a good foot.

2. Interchange their beddings

2. Interchange their beddings

Now they have seen each other a couple of times, and your female Guinea is catching on to the fact that there is a male Guinea near her.

Next, try interchanging their bedding, toys, water cans, and other things they have gotten used to. You could try this out for a few days as they become accustomed to the different scents. It is called scent swapping.

In addition, you might include interchanging their cages as part of the bonding strategy. Allow female Guinea to sleep in the male guinea’s cage and vice versa.

3. Get them closer

3. Get them closer

After swapping their cages and bedding for a few days, it’s time to get them closer together. Try getting them to be close to each other without necessarily touching.

If their cages are mobile, that would be fine. Now, they get to be in a position where they can observe each other up close. However, ensure you follow them correctly so they don’t get into a fight.

Next, try scattering some food items in the cage and near their edges, bringing them closer. Try looking out for positive behaviors like popcorning, sniffing one another, or squeaking.

4. Let them meet

4. Let them meet

If your piggy pals have passed these stages, then it’s time for them to meet each other. To promote a safe meeting environment, it’s advisable to bring them together in a different cage.

This way, none feels entitled to the cage or toys around there. Also, place veggies and hats around for them to get busy with once they meet.

They can be squawking, chasing each other, and sniffing. This shows they are getting along. However, if your male Guinea starts exhibiting territorial traits towards the female, like biting then it’s time to separate them.

5. Move them together

5. Move them together

At this stage, you must have noticed their behavior toward each other. If they have been cordial, the best step is to move them together permanently.

Once in the same cage, supply them with enough veggies, hay, and toys. This keeps them busy and leaves no room for fights or quarrels.

However, always watch their progress, especially for the first few weeks of living together. If you get uncomfortable with their attitudes at any point, it’s okay to separate them for a while.

Signs That a Male Guinea Likes a Female Guinea Pig

We are often unsure whether our little piggy pals like each other. While some guinea pigs are easy to befriend, others might take a while to adjust to an additional pet in the environment.

Getting to know what the signs of approval between guinea pigs are will help you make better decisions for them.

Here they are:

  • Eating close to each other
  • Popcorning
  • Squeaking
  • Sniffing each other
  • Spending time close to each other

Signs to Show Your Male and Female Guinea Pigs Are Not Bonding

These signs help you decide whether your guinea pigs are bonding well. With these signs, you can take the bonding procedure slowly or even stop altogether.

  • Chasing each other all the time
  • A constant struggle with each other
  • Hiding all the time
  • Teeth chattering
  • Biting each other at intervals


By now, you must have decided if you want to own just a female guinea or both genders. A female guinea can make a good pet, but having both genders living together is a lot of fun.

It ensures your female or male guinea is not bored any longer. However, it would be best if you castrated the male guinea before introducing him to the female guinea. This way, they live together without having so much litter around.

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